The life of Virginia Woolf (1882-1941)

Virginia Woolf has been one of the best writer of the late 19th century and the early 20th century.

Thanks to their stylistic techniques which included the interior monologue and the stream of consciousness, she has been considered a Modernist.


Virginia Woolf was born in London in 1882 and she was the third child of Sir Leslie Stephen (an important Victorian literary critic and philosopher).
In constrast with her brothers, she was educated at home, in her father’s enormous library.

Because of the death of her mother in 1895, at the age of 13 Virginia suffered a deep depression. This was the first sign of a mental instability that accompained her throughout her entire life.
In fact, nine years later her father died, producing her another time of depression: accordingly, Virginia made her first suicide attempt by taking drugs.

After these years full of nervous fragility, the Stephens moved to Bloomsbury, an area of London, which is situated near the British Museum.
The Stephens’ house became an important literary center in which operated a group of writers known as the Bloomsbury Group. This group was made up of the Stephens themselves, the art philosopher Clive Bell and the journalist Leonard Woolf who fell in love with Virginia. They have been married in 1912.

The Bloomsbury Group was anti-Victorian and unconventional in their ideas about art, society and life. In addition it was against some religious forms and moderately left-wing in politics.

During these years of success, Virginia Woolf wrote some masterpieces such as Mrs Dalloway (1925), To the Lighthouse (1927), The Voyage Out (1915), Night and Day (1919) and Between the Acts (1941), which has been her last novel.

In the last years of her life, Virginia has really suffered from various crises of anxiety. This brought to her suicide: in 1941 she drowned herself in the River Ouse.

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