Human beings generally have three types of memory.
These different types of memory have their own particular mode of operation, but at the same time they all cooperate in the process of memorization,
1. Long-term memory, is what we commonly call “memory.”
For instance the names of our relatives and friends, what is our name or where we were a few minutes ago all lays on the long-term memory.
Therefore, this expression refers to information stored in a durable manner for more than a few seconds. However it is obvious that in the course of our lives we can forget something but the information stored in the memory never disappear! They just simply become less and less accessible.
The long-term memory, may be episodic, reminiscent of particular facts, such as the meeting with a friend we had not seen for some time, or semantic, which basically covers the knowledge like a recipe or an event.
2.Short-term memory, which is made up of all systems that allow only temporary storage of important information just for a short time. So it is strictly connected to unimportant information and knowledges.
3. Sensory memory. When we talk about sensory memory we refer to perceptual processes; using this type of memory we use information that reaches us through the senses (taste, sight, touch, smell, and hearing).
The curious thing is that the sensory memory can be short-term, when the perception is held just for a few seconds more, or long term when the stimulus is stored for the longest time receiving sometimes a meaning.
These are the three main types of memories presented in human beings but obviously, there are others such as:
– Implicit memory
– Explicit memory
– Environmental memory
– Prospective memory.
And we don’t have to forget that the human brain will always be a continuous discovery!